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Rong Zhou, Rui Zhang, Yan Sun, Sean Platt, Loretta Szczotka-Flynn, Eric Pearlman; Innate Immune Regulation of Serratia marcescens –Induced Corneal Inflammation and Infection. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(11):7382-7388. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.12-10238.
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Serratia marcescens is frequently isolated from lenses of patients with contact lens-associated corneal infiltrates. In the current study, we examined the role of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and interleukin-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1R1) in S. marcescens –induced corneal inflammation and infection.
The central corneal epithelium of C57BL/6 and gene knockout mice was abraded, and 1 × 107 S. marcescens were added in the presence of a silicone hydrogel contact lens, and we examined corneal inflammation by confocal microscopy and neutrophil enumeration. Viable bacteria were quantified by colony-forming units (CFU).
S. marcescens induced neutrophil recruitment to the corneal stroma, and increased corneal thickness and haze in C57BL/6 mice. Conversely, CFU was significantly lower by 48 hours post infection. In contrast, MyD88−/−, IL-1R−/−, TLR4−/−, and TLR4/5−/− corneas infected with S. marcescens had significantly increased CFU, indicating impaired clearance. However, there was no significant difference in CFU among C57BL/6, TIRAP−/−, and TRIF−/− mice. Tobramycin-killed S. marcescens induced corneal inflammation in C57BL/6 mice, which was impaired significantly in MD-2−/− mice and in C57BL/6 mice pretreated topically with the MD-2 antagonist eritoran tetrasodium.
S. marcescens induces corneal inflammation by activation of TLR4/MD-2/MyD88 and the IL-1R1/MyD88 pathways, which are potential therapeutic targets for inhibition of S. marcescens -induced corneal inflammation.
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