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Jin Hae Lee, Donghyun Jee, Jin-Woo Kwon, Won Ki Lee; Prevalence and Risk Factors for Myopia in a Rural Korean Population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(8):5466-5471. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12478.
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To assess the prevalence and risk factors of myopia in 19-year-old males in Jeju, a rural area of Korea.
A total of 2805 subjects were included. Refractive examination was performed with cycloplegia to test for myopia (<−0.5 diopters [D]) and high myopia (<−6.0 D). Possible associated factors were evaluated including height, weight, educational level, and color vision deficiency.
The prevalence of myopia and high myopia were 83.3% and 6.8%, respectively, in 19-year-old males in Jeju. University students in their fourth to sixth years showed a higher risk for myopia (odds ratio [OR] 2.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.52–2.71, P < 0.001) than those with lower academic achievement.
The prevalence of myopia was relatively high (83.3%) in a rural area of Korea, while the rate of high myopia was relatively low (6.8%) compared with that (20.6%) in an urban area of Korea.
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