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Jadwiga Oczos, Iryna Sutter, Barbara Kloeckener-Gruissem, Wolfgang Berger, Meliana Riwanto, Katharina Rentsch, Thorsten Hornemann, Arnold von Eckardstein, Christian Grimm; Lack of Paraoxonase 1 Alters Phospholipid Composition, but Not Morphology and Function of the Mouse Retina. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(8):4714-4727. doi: 10.1167/iovs.14-14332.
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Biochemical and genetic analyses established a contribution of lipid metabolism to AMD pathology. Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidative protein involved in high density lipoprotein (HDL) function and was found to be associated with AMD. Here, we used Pon1−/− mice to study the influence of PON1 on retinal physiology and to reveal the potential impact of PON1 on AMD etiology.
Laser capture microdissection served to isolate single retinal layers. Retinal function was assessed by ERG. Retinal and RPE morphology were monitored by fundus imaging, fluorescein angiography, light and transmission electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence microscopy. Levels of mRNA and composition of phospholipid species were determined by real-time PCR and LC-MS, respectively.
Adult (8 weeks old) Pon1−/− mice displayed normal retinal function and morphology, but their retinas contained reduced amounts of lysophosphatidylcholines (LPCs) compared to controls. Aged (12 months old) Pon1−/− animals did not show any morphologic or molecular signs of photoreceptor or RPE degeneration, or of accelerated aging. Photoreceptors of Pon1−/− and control mice were similarly susceptible to light damage.
Results indicated that PON1 is not essential for normal development, function, ageing, and the defense against light damage of the mouse retina. Reduced levels of LPCs in eyes of Pon1−/− mice may reflect a decreased activity of phospholipase A2 or altered antioxidative activity in aged eyes.
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