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Fumiki Okamoto, Yoshimi Sugiura, Yoshifumi Okamoto, Takahiro Hiraoka, Tetsuro Oshika; Aniseikonia and Foveal Microstructure After Retinal Detachment Surgery. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(8):4880-4885. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-14618.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To quantify aniseikonia after successful surgical repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD), and to investigate the relationship between the severity of postoperative aniseikonia and retinal microstructures as well as clinical parameters.
The study included 106 eyes of 106 patients, without any history of ocular disease/surgery and with less than 2 diopters of anisometropia, who had undergone successful retinal reattachment surgery. Aniseikonia was measured with the New Aniseikonia Test, and foveal microstructure was assessed with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) at 6 months postoperatively.
Twenty-eight of 106 patients (26%) had micropsia; 17 patients (16%) had macropsia; and 61 patients (58%) had no aniseikonia. The mean absolute value of aniseikonia was 2.3 ± 2.9% (range, −12.5% to +12.0%). Of 57 eyes with macula-on RD, 3 had micropsia and 12 had macropsia. Of 49 eyes with macula-off RD, 25 had micropsia and 5 had macropsia. Eyes with micropsia mostly exhibited persistent or transient cystoid macular edema, subretinal fluid, hyperreflective or disruption of IS/OS line, while most of the eyes with macropsia presented epiretinal membrane. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that postoperative best-corrected visual acuity and the area of RD were significantly relevant to the mean absolute value of aniseikonia.
These results suggested that approximately half of patients with successful repair of RD had aniseikonia. Eyes with macula-off RD tended to show micropsia, while those with macula-on RD mostly presented macropsia. Micropsia and macropsia were primarily caused by respective specific abnormal structures at the foveal region.
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