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Máté Katona, Eszter Vizvári, Lukács Németh, Andrea Facskó, Viktória Venglovecz, Zoltán Rakonczay, Péter Hegyi, Edit Tóth-Molnár; Experimental Evidence of Fluid Secretion of Rabbit Lacrimal Gland Duct Epithelium. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(7):4360-4367. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.14-14025.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the osmotic water permeability of lacrimal gland (LG) duct epithelium by means of calculation of filtration permeability and to investigate LG ductal fluid secretion.
Experiments were performed on isolated rabbit LG duct segments maintained in short-term culture. Osmotically determined fluid movement or fluid secretion into the closed intraluminal space of cultured LG interlobular ducts was analyzed using video microscopic technique.
The end of the LG ducts sealed after overnight incubation forming a closed luminal space. For the calculation of osmotic water permeability, ducts were initially perfused with isotonic HEPES buffered solution, and then with hypotonic HEPES buffered solution. Filtration permeability was calculated from the initial slope of the relative volume increase. Secretory responses to carbachol or to forskolin stimulation were also investigated. Forskolin stimulation resulted in a rapid and sustained secretory response in both solutions. Forskolin-stimulated fluid secretion was completely inhibited by bumetanide both in HEPES buffered and in HCO3 −/CO2 buffered solutions, suggesting the central role of Na+-K+-2Cl− cotransporter type 1 (NKCC1). Administration of carbachol initiated a rapid but short secretory response in both HEPES buffered and in HCO3 −/CO2 buffered solutions. Atropine completely abolished the carbachol-evoked fluid secretion.
A new method was introduced to investigate LG duct function. Water permeability of rabbit LG duct epithelium was measured by calculating filtration permeability. Fluid secretion of LG duct cells induced by carbachol or forskolin was also demonstrated. These results provide calculated values of lacrimal duct osmotic permeability and direct experimental evidence of LG duct fluid secretion.
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