June 2013
Volume 54, Issue 15
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2013
Noise-Corrected Event Analysis of Automated Visual Fields
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • David Richards
    Ophthalmology, Univ of South Florida Coll of Med, Tampa, FL
  • Zia Khan
    Ophthalmology, Univ of South Florida Coll of Med, Tampa, FL
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships David Richards, None; Zia Khan, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2013, Vol.54, 3950. doi:
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      David Richards, Zia Khan; Noise-Corrected Event Analysis of Automated Visual Fields. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):3950.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Purpose: To develop a rigorous method for the determination of a Visual Field “Event”, defined as “a statistically significant sudden change in the overall sensitivity of an automated visual field (VF)”.

Methods: We previously developed a method for detection of VF progression (Richards et.al. ARVO 2011 Program # 4155 ) by accounting for the “noise” at every location within a VF, based on transformation of variable to approximate a Gaussian distribution. Once the pointwise noise has been so defined for a series of VF’s, a sudden change in overall sensitivity (“Event”) may be determined by treating an existing series of Zeiss-Humphrey Sita-Standard 24-2 VF’s as a 52-dimensional normal distribution and computing the 52-dimensional Chi-square value for a new VF, based on the established means and variances, and requiring p<0.05. We tested this method by analyzing 92 VF’s of 10 eyes of 10 patients and comparing results with modified Parrish-Hodapp-Anderson (PHA) criteria ( AAO BCSC 2011-2012 Section 10 p 77) for: Case 1, Deepening of existing scotoma; Case 2, Depression of a point adjacent to existing scotoma; Case 3, Depression of a previously normal point; and Case 4, Depression of two adjacent normal points.

Results: Results for all 4 cases are significant at p<0.05 level by Mann Whitney U Test. Case 1: Criterion of 7 db is too weak; deepening by >10 db is needed. Case 2: Criterion of 9 db is too strong; deepening by 5 db is sufficient. Case 3: Criterion of 11 db is too strong; deepening by 7 db is sufficient. Case 4: Criterion of 5 db is too weak; deepening by 6 db is needed.

Conclusions: Transformation of variable and accounting for pointwise noise of a series of VF’s permit, for the first time, computation of a precise statistical measure of an “Event” when a new VF is obtained. Previously used criteria, such as PHA, while reasonable estimates, may not always be reliable.

Keywords: 758 visual fields  

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