June 2013
Volume 54, Issue 15
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2013
Demographic and Clinical Profile of Ocular Chemical Injuries in Children
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Pooja Bandivadekar
    Dr.rajendra prasad Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
  • Himanshu Shekhar
    Dr.rajendra prasad Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
  • Namrata Sharma
    Dr.rajendra prasad Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
  • Rasik Vajpayee
    Dr.rajendra prasad Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2013, Vol.54, 4430. doi:
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      Pooja Bandivadekar, Himanshu Shekhar, Namrata Sharma, Rasik Vajpayee; Demographic and Clinical Profile of Ocular Chemical Injuries in Children. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):4430.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose: To review the pattern, risk factors, and visual outcomes of pediatric chemical eye injuries.

Methods: Retrospective study of pediatric patients with ocular burns over a 5-year period at a tertiary eye center.

Results: Of the 134 children, the majority were male (63.3%). The mean age at time of injury was 8.95 ± 4.89 years. Severe ocular burns (grade 4 to 6) were seen in 70% of children, with bilateral involvement seen in 18% of the cases. The majority of these were caused by lime kept at home for use as an additive by an adult tobacco chewer. Surgical intervention was required in 85% of eyes. Overall visual outcome was poor, and median visual acuity at final follow-up (mean: 537 ± 354 days) was 3/60.

Conclusions: Conclusion: Tobacco chewing in adults poses a major ocular health hazard for children resulting in significant ocular morbidity.

Keywords: 479 cornea: clinical science • 462 clinical (human) or epidemiologic studies: outcomes/complications  
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