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Cecilia Lee, Aaron Lee, Anjali Bhorade, Humeyra Karacal; Tube Shunt versus Trabeculectomy Surgery in Patients with Glaucoma Associated with Ocular Inflammation. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):4767.
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To compare the surgical outcomes of tube shunt versus trabeculectomy with antimetabolite surgery in patients with glaucoma associated with ocular inflammation.
We retrospectively reviewed charts of all patients with a diagnosis of uveitic or steroid induced glaucoma at Washington University at St. Louis. Included patients were those with uveitis or steroid use prior to glaucoma onset, a primary tube shunt or trabeculectomy surgery, and ≥ 3 months follow-up after surgery. Cox regression model and Kaplan Meier survival analysis were conducted to determine risk of surgical failure with respect to time in the tube vs. trabeculectomy groups. Surgical failure was defined as IOP > 21 mmHg at >2 consecutive post-operative visits, any additional glaucoma procedures, loss of light perception, and complications secondary to hypotony. Covariates included were age, race, gender, pre-operative IOP, pre-operative number of glaucoma medications, perioperative use of steroids or systemic immunosuppressants, anterior segment involving uveitis, and combined surgery with cataract extraction.
Of the 509 patient charts reviewed, 58 eyes of 42 patients (mean age of 55 years) met inclusion criteria. Median follow-up time was 85.0 months (5.8 - 200.6 months). There were 30 cases of tube shunts (53%) (16 Ahmed, 14 Baerveldt) and 28 cases of trabeculectomy with mitomycin (47%) (2 with Ex-Press shunts). The two most common etiologies of ocular inflammation were idiopathic (33, 55.9%), followed by sarcoidosis (12, 20.3%). Demographics and pre- and post-operative variables are displayed in Table 1. After controlling for covariates with p<0.1 (anterior involving uveitis, combined surgery, and race), tube shunts trended towards a 44.4% lower risk of surgical failure (HR: 0.56 95% CI: 0.21 to 1.49) and had a lower sustained risk of time to failure compared to the trabeculectomy group (Figure 1).
Tube shunt surgeries may have a lower risk of surgical failure compared to trabeculectomy surgery in patients with glaucoma associated with ocular inflammation.
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