June 2013
Volume 54, Issue 15
Free
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2013
Quality of life of Keratoconus Patients in an Asian Population
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Hon Kiat Wong
    Ophthalmology, National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
  • Jimmy Lim
    Ophthalmology, National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
  • Wee-Jin Heng
    Ophthalmology, National Healthcare Group Eye Institute, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships Hon Kiat Wong, None; Jimmy Lim, None; Wee-Jin Heng, None
  • Footnotes
    Support None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2013, Vol.54, 5309. doi:https://doi.org/
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      Hon Kiat Wong, Jimmy Lim, Wee-Jin Heng; Quality of life of Keratoconus Patients in an Asian Population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):5309. doi: https://doi.org/.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract
 
Purpose
 

To study the quality of life of Asian keratoconus patients.

 
Methods
 

Telephone interview of keratoconus patients seen at Tan Tock Seng Hospital from July 2003 to June 2011 were performed using the VFQ-25 questionnaire. Demographic data and quality of life such as near and distance activities, social functioning, role difficulties, dependency and driving were assessed.

 
Results
 

Twenty patients were surveyed, of which 40% were male (8/20) and 60% female (12/20). The mean age was 20.7 ± 7.5 years (range 17-47). There were 40% Chinese (8/20), 25% Malays (5/20) and 35% Indians (7/20). Patients who had best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) 6/21 or better scored better in role difficulties (76.7 vs 50.0, P=0.05). They also performed better in near and distance activities (95.6 vs 79.2, P=0.30; 97.8 vs 72.9, P=0.30). Patients with maximal keratometry readings (Kmax) less than 49 dioptres fared better in terms of social function (100 vs 90.63, P=0.05) and role difficulties (83.0 vs 54.7, P=0.03). Patients who underwent cornea transplant were more independent (100 vs 87.8, P=0.04) in their activities of daily living. Keratoconus patients wearing rigid gas permeable lenses were more confident in their driving (97.2 vs 75.0, P=0.20).

 
Conclusions
 

Patients with BSCVA better than 6/24 and Kmax less than 49 dioptres had less role difficulties and better social functioning. Those who underwent cornea transplant were functionally more independent.

 
Keywords: 574 keratoconus • 669 quality of life • 676 refraction  
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