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Manuel García, Oscar Baca, Alejandro Babayan, Cristina Pacheco-Del-Valle, Regina Velasco; INCIDENCE OF CORNEAL DYSTROPHIES AT NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA LUZ HOSPITAL FOUNDATION, A 5 YEAR-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL REVIEW. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):878.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
This study sought to investigate the cumulative incidence of corneal dystrophies at Nuestra Señora de la Luz Hospital Foundation in a period of 5 years.
We conducted a database of patients diagnosed with corneal dystrophy, which included patient name, file number, age, gender and date of diagnosis. Descriptive analysis was performed of the population and cumulative incidence was determined using Excel 2007.
During the study period, a total of 87 patients were diagnosed with some form of corneal dystrophy out of 14,780 total patients. The cumulative incidence of corneal dystrophy is 0.5% over a period of five years. Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy was the most diagnosed with 44 (50.5%) patients, followed by lattice with 8 (9.1%) patients, granular type 1 with 6 (6.8%) patients. Fuchs endothelial dystrophy showed the highest age of presentation at 69.6 years and congenital hereditary endothelial dystrophy showed the lowest at 11.3 years. The year with the highest incidence was 2009 with 0.77%, and in 2012 was presented the lowest incidence of 0.44%.
The risk of corneal dystrophy in a population of 14,780 patients is 0.5%. Fuchs' dystrophy occupies a large proportion, which suggests its relevance in the population tested.
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