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JOSE NAVA, Alejandro Tamez, Nelly Torres, Jose Martinez, Juan Lozano-Ramirez, Jorge Valdez; Prevalence of cataract and its main comorbidities in a Hispanic population. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(15):898.
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To analyze the prevalence of cataract in a Hispanic population and find its correlation with other pathologies.
We selected a random sample of 398 files from patients 40 years or older examined during the year 2010 in an ophthalmology service in Monterrey, Mexico. We evaluated the general prevalence of uni or bilateral cataract, as well as its distribution by group age. We also analyze the relationship between the presence of cataract and other pathologies.
We observe a general prevalence of cataract of 8.29% (33 patients), 87.8% bilateral. The average age was 67 (32-89) years old. We analyzed the prevalence of cataract by group age. Of the 33 patients with cataract, 7 (21.2%) presented arterial hypertension, being the main comorbidity found. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy and pseudoexfoliation were found in 9% each.
The cataract prevalence in our group was within expectations for our population. As expected, the prevalence of cataract rises in relationship with the age. The prevalence of comorbidities was 21%, being arterial hypertension the most common. Diabetes mellitus presented prevalence similar to the general population. The study must be enlarged to evaluate the association of two or more comorbidities.
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