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M O Tso, C Y Shih; Experimental macular edema after lens extraction.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1977;16(5):381-392.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Macular edema has been observed frequently in man after cataract extraction, but pathogenic mechanisms remain unclear. Seven eyes of four young adult rhesus monkeys underwent lens extraction. The retinas and maculae of these eyes were examined by ophthalmoscopy fundus photography, fluorescein angiography, light and electron microscopy, and the horseradish peroxidase tracer technique. In the macular region, the blood-retinal barrier at the retinal vasculature was disrupted in three of the seven eyes. All three eyes had had vitreous loss during lens extraction. Horseradish peroxidase was observed both intracellularly and extracellularly in the maculae. In contrast, the blood-retinal barrier at both the retinal pigment epithelium and the retinal vasculature of the peripheral retina in most eyes was intact. We conclude that macular edema secondary to lens extraction is due to disruption of the blood-retinal barrier at the levels of the retinal vasculature and the retinal pigment epithelium.
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