February 1983
Volume 24, Issue 2
Articles  |   February 1983
Herpes simplex virus recovery in neural tissues after ocular HSV shedding induced by epinephrine iontophoresis to the rabbit cornea.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science February 1983, Vol.24, 243-247. doi:
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      J M Hill, B S Kwon, Y Shimomura, G L Colborn, F Yaghmai, L P Gangarosa; Herpes simplex virus recovery in neural tissues after ocular HSV shedding induced by epinephrine iontophoresis to the rabbit cornea.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1983;24(2):243-247.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Ocular HSV-1 shedding from latently infected rabbits was induced by iontophoresis of 0.01% epinephrine into the eye. Anodal Iontophoresis of epinephrine was performed at 0.8 mAmps for 8 min once a day for 3 consecutive days. Shedding was determined by the presence of HSV-1 in the preocular tear film obtained via eye swabs. Bilateral epinephrine iontophoresis performed on selected days during 220-280 days after inoculation resulted in HSV-1 shedding in 75% of the eyes (30/40) and 100% of the rabbits (20/20). Following the induction of ocular HSV-1 shedding, rabbits were killed and selected neural tissues were homogenized. Cell-free preparations were assayed for the presence of infectious virions using primary rabbit kidney cell monolayers. When the tissues were homogenized immediately after death, virus was detected in only one neural tissue, the trigeminal ganglia. However, when the tissues were incubated in vitro for 18-24 hours prior to the homogenization, infectious HSV-1 was recovered from homogenates of the trigeminal ganglion, superior cervical ganglion, the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve, and the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve. A relationship was noted between the time of the last ocular shedding and recovery of infectious HSV from the tissue homogenates. Furthermore, a positive correlation in 11 eyes between the recovery of HSV-1 from the perocular tear film and HSV-1 recovery from one or more corresponding neural tissues was found. These results suggested that epinephrine iontophoresis to the cornea triggered an "alteration" in the state of the virus in the neural tissues of the latently infected rabbits and that the change can be related to the induced ocular shedding.


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