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R A Williams, J M Enoch, E A Essock; The resistance of selected hyperacuity configurations to retinal image degradation.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1984;25(4):389-399.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Traditional visual acuity is based on resolution of stimulus features, whereas hyperacuity (ie, vernier acuity) is based on relative localization of stimulus features. Since resolution acuity is influenced severely by optical degradation, it is often not a suitable measure of the status of the retinal/neural visual system in conditions of optical degradation. In the present study, the authors investigate the effect of optical degradation on various relative localization tasks. Thresholds for three types of hyperacuity stimuli (line vernier, two-dot vernier, and line tilt) were measured under various degrees of image degradation, produced by viewing the targets through ground glass. The results indicate that when a hyperacuity stimulus is optically degraded, relative localization threshold increases only slightly for certain separations of the comparison features. In comparison with resolution acuity, hyperacuity threshold at the optimum feature separation is quite resistant to image degradation. This finding demonstrates a potential for the clinical application of hyperacuity as a test of visual function in the presence of cataracts and other media opacities.
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