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M D Trousdale, L Goldstein, N Stebbing, A C Peters, D J Schanzlin, J B Robin; Human alpha and gamma interferon analogs in rabbits with herpetic keratitis.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(9):1244-1251.
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Complete gene synthesis methods have been used to construct analogs of human interferons (IFNs): these include a consensus of the known human IFN-alpha S, designated IFN-alpha Con1 and a variant of human IFN-gamma, designated IFN-gamma 4A. These interferons, in purified form, were used topically against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) induced ocular keratitis in rabbits. Eyes pretreated with IFN-alpha Con1 had decreased signs of infection and a lower incidence of HSV-1 positive trigeminal ganglia (3 of 14 positive) compared to the placebo treated (10 of 14 positive). IFN-alpha Con1 was as effective as natural IFN-alpha subtypes on a units basis, despite the very high specific activity of this analog. IFN-gamma 4A used under similar conditions do not result in beneficial effects with treatments beginning 24 or 48 hr before or 4 hr after virus inoculation. Rabbits with confirmed latent HSV infection were treated topically with IFN-alpha Con1 (10(6) units per eye each day) either before or before and after attempts to intentionally reactivate the infection by bilateral iontophoresis of 6-hydroxydopamine plus topical epinephrine treatment of the corneas. These IFN-alpha Con1 treatment regimens along with intentional reactivation during latency did not: (1) lessen the frequency of inducible ocular shedding episodes; (2) alter the mean time of 3-5 days between attempts to reactive latent infection and the appearance of HSV in tears; or (3) significantly change the incidence of HSV-positive trigeminal ganglia (83-100% HSV positive).
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