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A V Parker, R N Williams, C A Paterson; The effect of sodium citrate on the stimulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(9):1257-1261.
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Topical administration of sodium citrate reduces the incidence of corneal ulceration and perforation following an alkali burn to the eye. The specific mechanism by which sodium citrate prevents the ulceration is not understood, although citrate does inhibit the infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) into the cornea following an alkali burn. In the present study, the effects of sodium citrate and another calcium chelator, ethylene glycol bis (beta-aminoethylether)-N,N'tetraacetic acid (EGTA), upon PMN oxygen consumption and lysosomal enzyme release were determined. Oxygen consumption was measured polarographically using a Clark-type oxygen electrode, and lysosomal enzyme release was determined by intra- and extra-cellular measurements of myeloperoxidase activity. Opsonized zymosan and N-formylmethionylleucylphenylalanine (FMLP) were used to stimulate neutrophil oxygen consumption and lysosomal release. Both sodium citrate and EGTA inhibited PMN oxygen consumption and lysosomal enzyme release in response to opsonized zymosan. In contrast, neither sodium citrate nor EGTA reduced PMN oxygen consumption or lysosomal enzyme release in response to FMLP. Therefore, the ability of sodium citrate (and EGTA) to inhibit PMN stimulation is dependent upon the choice of stimulus. Until the inflammatory mediators involved in the ulcerative process following an alkali burn to the eye are delineated, the impact of sodium citrate upon PMN stimulation in vivo cannot be resolved.
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