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M G Kahn, F J Giblin, D L Epstein; Glutathione in calf trabecular meshwork and its relation to aqueous humor outflow facility.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1983;24(9):1283-1287.
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Previous studies have shown that sulfhydryl reagents can alter the facility of aqueous humor outflow but little is known about the sulfhydryl constituents of the aqueous outflow system or the effect of oxidants upon outflow facility. In the present study the concentration of glutathione (GSH) was measured in excised calf trabecular meshwork (TM) and found to be 0.40 mu mol/g wet wt (0.027 mu mol/mg protein). Oxidized glutathione was not detectable in the tissue. TM was found to have significant hexose monophosphate shunt activity as determined by measurement of the oxidation of 14C-1 and 14C-6-labeled glucose in tissue homogenates. The concentration of GSH in TM of enucleated calf eyes could be totally depleted by infusion of medium containing both diamide, which is an oxidant of GSH, and 1,3bis(2-chlorethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU), which is an inhibitor of the enzyme glutathione reductase. The depletion of GSH was found to have no effect on the facility of aqueous outflow. Experiments were also done in which normal and TM GSH-depleted eyes were perfused with medium containing H202. Exposure to H202 produced no effect on outflow facility in the normal eyes but caused a 33% decrease in facility in eyes with the GSH-depleted TM. The results indicate that GSH may not participate directly in regulating aqueous humor outflow but is able to protect TM against H202-induced oxidative damage that would otherwise lead to a decrease in outflow facility.
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