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B C Skottun, A Bradley, R D Freeman; Orientation discrimination in amblyopia.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(4):532-537.
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Using extended sinusoidal gratings to avoid potential problems of eccentric fixation, the authors have studied orientation discrimination in amblyopia. For all subjects, elevated orientation discrimination thresholds at high spatial frequencies were found. However, raised thresholds decrease with decreasing spatial frequency, and can be normal at low frequencies. Orientation discrimination thresholds for both amblyopic and non-amblyopic eyes are independent of contrast over most of the visible range. Therefore, amblyopic orientation discrimination thresholds cannot be mimicked in non-amblyopic eyes by reducing contrast. Control experiments show that the orientation discrimination deficits are not restricted to vertical stimuli and that they are not a result of exaggerated cyclotorsional eye movements.
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