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P S Chahal, P J Chowienczyk, E M Kohner; Measurement of blood-retinal barrier permeability: a reproducibility study in normal eyes.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1985;26(7):977-982.
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Fluorescein penetration into the posterior vitreous depends on plasma-free fluorescein concentration and blood-retinal barrier (BRB) permeability. The reproducibility of two methods of deriving BRB permeability was studied in 19 normal eyes of 14 subjects using vitreous fluorophotometry on two separate occasions. Plasma-free fluorescence was measured at intervals over 1 hr and posterior vitreous fluorescence was measured before (background scan), within 6 min (bolus) and at 60 min (measurement) after intravenous fluorescein (14 mg X kg-1). A computer algorithm subtracted background fluorescence from the measurement scan which was then corrected for signal spread by using a "spread" function derived from the bolus scan. BRB permeability coefficient and vitreous diffusion coefficients were derived by fitting a mathematical model to the plasma and corrected vitreous fluorescence data. A permeability index was also calculated by dividing the area under the vitreous fluorescence by the area under the plasma fluorescence curve. There were no significant differences in the results between right and left eyes. Mean +/- SD values on first and second occasions for all eyes were permeability coefficient: (1.91 +/- 0.94) and (2.08 +/- 0.95) X 10(-7) cm X s-1; diffusion coefficient: (1.33 +/- 0.68) and (1.19 +/- 0.54) X 10(-5) cm2 X s-1; and permeability index: (2.05 +/- 1.03) and (2.11 +/- 1.02) X 10(-7) cm X s-1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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