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J L Semmlow, G K Hung, K J Ciuffreda; Quantitative assessment of disparity vergence components.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1986;27(4):558-564.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Earlier evidence suggests qualitatively that at least two control modes may mediate a single vergence response. Thus, in a vergence response to step disparity, the transient component drives the initial fast dynamic portion of the response, while the sustained component maintains the latter slower portion of the response. The authors extended this hypothesis by quantitatively defining the stimulus pattern and dynamics that elicit this dichotomous behavior. The disparity target consisted of vertical lines 2 deg in height presented to each eye. Ramp disparity velocities ranged from 0.7 deg/sec to 36 deg/sec with amplitude of up to 4 deg. Photoelectric recordings of eye movements from both eyes were subtracted to give the vergence response. Fast and slow ramp stimulus velocities were found to elicit transient and sustained component responses respectively. In addition, the finding of staircase-like responses to fast ramp stimuli has strong implications on control mechanisms, indicating a sampling process in the transient component of the disparity vergence system.
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