May 1988
Volume 29, Issue 5
Free
Articles  |   May 1988
Heterogeneity of collagens in rabbit cornea: type III collagen.
Author Affiliations
  • C Cintron
    Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA 02114.
  • B S Hong
    Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA 02114.
  • H I Covington
    Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA 02114.
  • E J Macarak
    Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA 02114.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 1988, Vol.29, 767-775. doi:
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      C Cintron, B S Hong, H I Covington, E J Macarak; Heterogeneity of collagens in rabbit cornea: type III collagen.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1988;29(5):767-775.

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Abstract

Whole neonate rabbit corneas and adult corneas containing 2-week-old scars were incubated in the presence of [14C] glycine. Radiolabeled collagen extracted from the corneas and scar tissue were analyzed by sodium dodecylsulfate/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and fluorography to determine the types and relative quantity of collagen polypeptides present and synthesized by these tissues. In addition to other collagen types, type III was found in both neonate cornea and scar tissue from adult cornea, albeit in relatively small quantities. Type III collagen in normal cornea was associated with the residue after pepsin digestion and formic acid extraction of the tissue, and the same type of collagen was extracted from scar tissue after similar treatment. Type III collagen-specific monoclonal antibody bound to developing normal corneas and healing adult tissue sections, as determined by immunofluorescence. Antibody binding was localized to the endothelium and growing Descemet's membrane in fetal and neonate corneas, and restricted to the most posterior region of the corneal scar tissue. Although monoclonal antibody to keratan sulfate, used as a marker for stromal fibroblasts, bound to most of the scar tissue, the antibody failed to bind to the posterior scar tissue positive for type III collagen. We conclude that endothelial cells from fetal and neonate rabbit cornea and endothelium-derived fibroblasts from healing wounds of adult cornea synthesize and deposit type III collagen. Moreover, this collagen appears to be incorporated into the growing Descemet's membrane of normal corneas and narrow posterior portion of the scar tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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