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M Y Hsu, C Davis, T F Jaskoll, R A Zeineh, N J Unakar, I Bekhor; Crystallin mRNA product levels in lens undergoing reversal and inhibition of galactose cataracts.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1987;28(8):1413-1421.
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In our previous work, two-dimensional gel electrophoretic analysis of the translational products from mRNA of lens from rats maintained on 50% galactose up to 45 days has suggested that synthesis of mRNA was not arrested by the disease process, but it decreased significantly relative to the control. The loss in mRNA number was due mainly to loss in cell population. Specifically, the gamma-crystallin mRNA product decreased to very low levels at onset of the disease. However, this mRNA was resynthesized in the surviving cells as the cataracts matured. Therefore, it became of interest to explore whether reversal or inhibition of cataracts would lead to some measurable changes in mRNA population in the experimental lens. The results show that the percentage (relative to the total mRNA population) of the in vitro [35S]-labeled translational products from alpha-, beta- and gamma-crystallin mRNAs combined, remained unchanged irrespective of the state of the lens. The severity of the cataracts was examined by indirect immunofluorescence with polyclonal MP26 antibody. Reversal of cataracts led to partial recovery of normal fiber cell morphology. Treatment with sorbinil in combination with galactose led to inhibition of cataracts with indication of appearance of vacuoles at longer periods of exposure to the drug. The translational products profile reflected the expected variation in non-crystallin and crystallin mRNA synthesis. It is concluded that there appears to be a combined fixed level of synthesis for the crystallins, such that inhibition in synthesis of gamma-crystallin mRNAs appears to lead to an increase in synthesis of alpha-crystallin mRNAs, while synthesis of beta-crystallin mRNAs showed insignificant fluctuation. A similar conclusion may also be drawn relative to the combined synthesis for the non-crystallin mRNAs.
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