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M T Lin, Y L Chen; Effect of copper ion on collagenase release. Its implication in corneal vascularization.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(3):558-563.
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The involvement of leukocytes in corneal neovascularization has been known for a long time. Recent observations suggest that collagenase from leukocytes may be a common mediator for prostaglandin E1 (PGE1)- and copper-induced corneal neovascularization. This study was designed to investigate the effect of copper ion on collagenase activity from leukocytes and other sources and leukocyte infiltration in the corneal angiogenic process induced by PGE1. These results demonstrated that collagenase production from leukocytes was stimulated in a dose-dependent manner by copper ion but not by PGE1. Copper chloride 0.2 mM produced the highest stimulation. Copper ion had no effect on collagenase release from corneal fibroblasts and capillary endothelium. There were more polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in the prostaglandin E1 treated corneas than in the control. The time-course study showed that the appearance of PMN reached a peak on day 2 and new vessel growth could not be identified until day 4. These results supported an earlier suggestion that leukocytes play a role in corneal neovascularization and further suggested that copper in corneal neovascularization can stimulate the release of collagenase from leukocytes.
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