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S Shimmura, K Tsubota, Y Oguchi, D Fukumura, M Suematsu, M Tsuchiya; Oxiradical-dependent photoemission induced by a phacoemulsification probe.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(10):2904-2907.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Oxygen free radical formation by conventional phacoemulsification devices has been postulated as a possible mechanism of corneal endothelial damage during surgery. To test this hypothesis, phacoemulsification probe-induced free radical production was visualized using a single photon-counting camera and an O(2-)-sensitive luciferin derivative, 2-methyl-6-[p-methoxyphenyl-3,7-dihydroimidazo [1,2-a]pyrazin-3-one (MCLA), which allows the visualization of spatial and temporal alterations in free radical production. Within 1 min after starting ultrasound emission, MCLA-dependent chemiluminescence was increased significantly, the intensity of which was maximal at the tip of the probe and tapered along a gradient toward distal portions. The chemiluminescence was suppressed significantly by adding either superoxide dismutase (300 U/ml) or sodium azide (20 mmol/l). By adding deuterium to the medium, MCLA-dependent chemiluminescence significantly increased, suggesting the involvement of singlet oxygen in the reaction.
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