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E Ando, Y Ando, M Inoue, Y Morino, R Kamata, R Okamura; Inhibition of corneal inflammation by an acylated superoxide dismutase derivative.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(10):1963-1967.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Superoxide radicals and their metabolite(s) have been postulated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammation. Hence, superoxide dismutase (SOD) has been used to reduce tissue injury caused by reactive oxygens. However, protection of the cornea and other ocular tissues from oxygen toxicity could not be achieved by administering SOD presumably due to its unfavorable in vivo behavior. To scavenge superoxide radicals on the outer surface of corneal epithelial cells, the authors synthesized an acylated SOD derivative (AC-SOD) by linking capric acid. When instilled into rabbit eyes, a significant amount of AC-SOD remained bound to the corneal surface for a fairly long time. Intracorneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) triggered infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) to the cornea and induced severe keratitis. Topical administration of AC-SOD to the LPS-treated cornea markedly inhibited the infiltration of PMNs and suppressed the occurrence of keratitis. Under identical conditions, topically administered SOD was rapidly removed by tears and, hence, did not inhibit LPS-induced keratitis. When the number of PMNs in the systemic circulation was reduced by intravenous administration of hydroxyurea, LPS-induced keratitis was inhibited markedly. These results indicate that superoxide radicals and circulating PMNs might play a critical role in LPS-induced keratitis.
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