June 1990
Volume 31, Issue 6
Articles  |   June 1990
Interlamellar adhesive strength in human eyebank corneas.
Author Affiliations
  • M K Smolek
    Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.
  • B E McCarey
    Department of Ophthalmology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 1990, Vol.31, 1087-1095. doi:
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      M K Smolek, B E McCarey; Interlamellar adhesive strength in human eyebank corneas.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(6):1087-1095.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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The interlamellar biomechanical properties of stromal collagen are relatively unknown, yet may be highly significant with respect to wound healing and the efficacy of certain keratorefractive surgical procedures. Interlamellar adhesive strength was measured as the tearing force required to separate corneal lamellae at a 50% stromal depth in 16 human eyebank corneas. The mean value for the central cornea was found to be 14.2 (+/- 0.5 SEM) g-wt/mm of tissue width. Histology showed a smooth separation between the lamellae along the tearing plane in the central cornea. We believe that the adhesive strength measured in the central cornea may be primarily the force needed to break interlamellar proteoglycan bonds between collagen lamellae, because no torn lamellae were found in this region. The mean adhesive strength and the SEM increased toward the periphery in a symmetrical fashion. The mean adhesive strength in the far periphery was 31.6 (+/- 3.7 SEM) g-wt/mm at 5 mm nasally, and 28.4 (+/- 3.2 SEM) g-wt/mm at 5 mm temporally, and was approximately twice the mean central value. The rising value of the mean adhesive strength with increasing distance from the central cornea was believed to be due to a more highly disorganized collagen network in which greater numbers of lamellae passed obliquely in depth through the tearing plane. These lamellae would contribute their tensile strength to the adhesive strength measurement along the tearing plane. Histology from the peripheral cornea confirmed the existence of depth-varying collagen lamellae and the torn ends of lamellae that passed across the tearing plane.


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