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S Rimmer, V Iragui, M R Klauber, B Katz; Retinocortical time exhibits spatial selectivity.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(9):2045-2049. doi: https://doi.org/.
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We recorded simultaneous electroretinograms and visual evoked potentials to pattern-reversal stimulus in ten normal subjects employing check sizes subtending 7.5, 15, 30, 60, 120, 240 and 480 min of visual arc. The mean peak latency of the pattern electroretinogram (PERG) b wave decreased logarithmically with increasing check size. The mean peak latency of the pattern visual evoked potential (PVEP) P100 component was shortest for 30 min check size and was longer at both smaller and larger check sizes, a phenomenon termed spatial selectivity. Retinocortical time (RCT) was calculated as the latency difference between the PVEP P100 peak and the PERG b wave. The RCT also exhibited spatial selectivity similar to that of the PVEP P100 component; mean RCT was shortest for 30 min check size and was longer at both smaller and larger check sizes. Implications are discussed in light of our current knowledge of the origins of the PERG and PVEP and visual processing of pattern-reversal stimuli. Simultaneous recording of PERGs and PVEPs in patients with disease of the afferent visual pathways employing a large range of check sizes may increase the diagnostic sensitivity of visual electrophysiologic testing.
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