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V Van Toi, P A Grounauer, C W Burckhardt; Artificially increasing intraocular pressure causes flicker sensitivity losses.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(8):1567-1574.
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It has been reported that psychophysical flicker sensitivity, electroretinogram (ERG), pattern electroretinogram (P-ERG), and visual evoked cortical potential (VECP) responses are affected by ocular hypertension and glaucoma. Moreover, it has also been revealed that artificially augmented intraocular pressure (IOP) impairs electrophysiologic responses. In this investigation the authors varied the levels of IOP of ten normal subjects and determined their flicker sensitivities at these levels. Temporarily elevated IOPs were produced by exerting pressure on the eyeball through the eyelids by a new type of ophthalmodynamometer. The results obtained showed that increasing IOP produced loss of flicker sensitivity. For an IOP of 27.2 +/- 2.1 mm Hg, significant losses occurred in the range of frequencies lower than 20 Hz. For a higher IOP (40.7 +/- 2.1 mm Hg) the loss was significantly at frequencies higher than 5 Hz. However, the critical flicker frequency was not affected significantly at either level of IOP. The authors also discovered a phenomenon, called "curtain phenomenon," in that for a critical level of IOP, a high flicker frequency stimulus could completely fade out. The authors' results suggest that the psychophysical flicker sensitivity measurement is a more sensitive technique for the investigation of the effect of the variation of the IOP and that the curtain phenomenon constitutes an interesting indication for additional study of the ocular hypertension mechanism.
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