May 1990
Volume 31, Issue 5
Articles  |   May 1990
Effects of sodium lactate on isolated rabbit corneas.
Author Affiliations
  • J W Huff
    Department of Ophthalmology, Bethesda Eye Institute, St. Louis University School of Medicine, MO 63110.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science May 1990, Vol.31, 942-947. doi:
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      J W Huff; Effects of sodium lactate on isolated rabbit corneas.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(5):942-947.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Corneal stromal lactate accumulation may result from epithelial hypoxia and contact lens wear, but the possible corneal toxicity of lactate has not been reported. Isolated superfused whole rabbit corneas were examined for thickness changes during exposure to neutral sodium lactate (NaL) or excess sodium chloride (NaCl) in Krebs-bicarbonate Ringer's solution for a 3-hr period. Placed in the tears side bath, 5 mM NaL significantly thinned corneas (swelling rates of 1 +/- 1 micron/hr in Ringer's controls vs -11 +/- 1 micron/hr in lactate-treated corneas; mean +/- SD). Excesses of 5 mM NaCl had essentially identical effects (0 +/- 1 micron/hr in controls vs -13 +/- 3 micron/hr in experimentals). When placed on the aqueous side of normal-thickness corneas, neither 20 mM NaL nor 20 mM excess NaCl affected corneal thickness, but both solutions stimulated endothelium-mediated deswelling in preswollen deepithelialized corneas. When "loaded" into the stroma of deepithelialized corneas, Ringer containing 20 mM lactate caused more swelling than Ringer's alone (491 +/- 18 microns in controls vs 558 +/- 20 microns in loaded corneas; mean +/- SEM). A similar swelling occurred when 20 mM excess NaCl was loaded into the stroma (483 +/- 15 vs 565 +/- 20 microns in controls and loaded corneas, respectively), due to fluid uptake into the hypertonic stroma across the endothelium from the aqueous side (Ringer's) bath. Corneas both loaded and superfused with either NaL or excess NaCl swelled and subsequently deswelled similar to controls swollen and superfused in Ringer's.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)


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