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X Y Yao, G S Hageman, M F Marmor; Retinal adhesiveness is weakened by enzymatic modification of the interphotoreceptor matrix in vivo.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(10):2051-2058.
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The role of interphotoreceptor matrix (IPM) constituents in mediating adhesion between the retina and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) was investigated by injecting specific enzymes into rabbit eyes either intravitreally or subretinally. Retinal adhesiveness was measured by peeling the retina from the pigment epithelium 1-3 days later and observing the amount of adherent pigment. Effects of enzymes on the IPM were monitored by observation of peanut agglutinin (PNA) binding to cone matrix sheaths; retinal and RPE toxicity was excluded by electroretinography and histology. Three enzymes that degrade glycosaminoglycans or saccharides known to be constituents of the IPM (chondroitinase ABC, neuraminidase, and testicular hyaluronidase) both weakened adhesion and altered PNA binding, although the effects on the cone matrix sheaths were different for each enzyme. An enzyme specific for hyaluronic acid (Streptomyces-derived hyaluronidase), which has not been identified as a major IPM constituent, had no effect on either adhesion or PNA binding. The authors conclude that IPM-associated glycoconjugates participate in retinal adhesion, although their precise composition, interaction with IPM components, and relationship to other mechanisms of adhesion remain to be determined.
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