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M Rosenfield, K J Ciuffreda, E Ong, A Azimi; Proximally induced accommodation and accommodative adaptation.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1990;31(6):1162-1167.
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To determine the effect of proximally induced accommodation (PIA) on accommodative adaptation, this study has examined the posttask shift in tonic accommodation (TA) following 5-min monocular viewing of equivalent-sized targets located at distances of 0.33 and 5 m. The distal target was viewed through a negative lens to equate the dioptric stimuli (3 D). The steady-state accommodative response was measured subjectively in 10 subjects using a Hartinger coincidence optometer. A significant correlation was observed between the degree of adaptation following the two conditions, with the magnitude of adaptation for the distal target being approximately half that for the nearer target. Furthermore, adaptation magnitude was inversely correlated with pretask TA under both conditions. These results indicate that PIA can produce accommodative adaptation. The implications of this finding are discussed with regard to models of the accommodative mechanism.
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