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A Yoshida, R A Laing, N C Joyce, A H Neufeld; Effects of EGF and indomethacin on rabbit corneal endothelial wound closure in excised corneas.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(9):1991-1996.
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Corneal endothelial cells of rabbit corneas stored in M-K medium at 37 degrees C were wounded by touching them lightly with a micropipet under video specular microscope observation. Three groups were studied: control, with EGF, and with EGF + indomethacin. The wound closure process (initial wound area about 8500 microns 2) was observed and recorded with time-lapse videography for 6 hr. The recorded video images were digitized and computer assisted morphometric analysis was performed. (1) Addition of either EGF (10 ng/ml) + indomethacin (1 microM), or EGF (10 ng/ml) alone to the M-K medium statistically significantly shortened the wound closure time as compared with the control group. (2) Both EGF + indomethacin and EGF alone resulted in a greater average percent relative change of the shape factor, more than three times greater with EGF + indomethacin and more than two times greater with EGF alone, than in the control group 150 min after wounding. (3) The maximum cell shape change occurred at about 150 min after wounding in the groups EGF + indomethacin and EGF alone, and at about 200 min in the control group. After this time in all three groups the cells began to approach a normal shape. (4) The cells near the wound boundary moved faster in the EGF + indomethacin and the EGF groups as compared with the control group. These results suggest that EGF and indomethacin may be of therapeutic value in promoting closure of traumatized human corneal endothelium.
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