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H W Thompson, J S Malter, T L Steinemann, R W Beuerman; Flow cytometry measurements of the DNA content of corneal epithelial cells during wound healing.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1991;32(2):433-436.
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This study presents the first application of flow cytometry (FCM) techniques to the assessment of cell cycle dynamics in the corneal epithelium after experimental wounding. Anterior keratectomies 6 mm in diameter were created in the central corneas of albino rabbits. The authors sampled the epithelial tissue obtained outside the wound at 12-hr intervals until wound closure at 72 hr. Regenerated epithelium from the surface of the wounded area was collected at 78 hr. The percentages of nuclei in the G0/G1 (growth), S (DNA synthesis), and G2/M (tetraploid/mitosis) phases were determined by FCM. An increase in the percentage of nuclei in the G2/M phase at 36 hr was seen, compared with cell populations in samples from unwounded control corneas. The authors found an increase in mitotic activity in the corneal epithelium during the period of cell migration before wound closure.
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