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B Wick, H E Bedell; Magnitude and velocity of proximal vergence.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1989;30(4):755-760. doi: https://doi.org/.
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Until recently proximal vergence was considered to play only a minor role in the eye alignment changes that occur when looking between distant and near targets. We measured the magnitude and velocity of proximal vergence using infrared limbal sensing to record vergence responses between two untextured luminous horizontal rods which lacked disparity and accommodative cues. The magnitude of proximal vergence responses averaged 3.9 degrees for convergence and 3.8 degrees for divergence, about 70% of the total vergence "demand." Peak velocities for proximal convergence and divergence averaged 69 and 53 deg/sec, substantially faster than the velocities of comparably sized disparity or accommodative vergence responses. Its rapid velocity makes proximal vergence well suited to initiate the eye alignment changes between distant and near targets.
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