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L Friedman, J A Jesberger, L A Abel, H Y Meltzer; Catch-up saccade amplitude is related to square wave jerk rate.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(1):228-233.
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Mean catch-up saccade (CUS) amplitude and square wave jerk (SWJ) rate during pursuit were recorded in 20 normal controls, 23 patients with schizophrenia, and 15 patients with affective disorder, using infrared oculography. Target speed during pursuit was 5 degrees/sec. An especially robust correlation was noted in normal controls between SWJ rate during pursuit and mean CUS amplitude (Spearman's rs = 0.87, P less than 0.0001). This correlation also was present in the psychiatric patients (rs = 0.53, P = 0.0006), although it was significantly weaker than in normal controls (P less than 0.02). There were no significant differences between the patient groups regarding the strength of the relationship. Furthermore, similar strong correlations between SWJ rate during fixation and mean CUS amplitude also were found for normals (rs = 0.73, P = .0002) and both patient groups combined (rs = 0.52, P = 0.0009). The results suggest that saccadic intrusions during tracking tax the saccade correcting system, delaying correction for the position error that accumulates when gain is less than 1.0.
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