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T F Freddo, S P Bartels, M F Barsotti, R D Kamm; Morphologic correlations with fluorophotometric data from monkey eyes with anterior uveitis.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1992;33(5):1642-1649.
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Acute anterior uveitis was induced in monkeys by unilateral intravitreal injection of 1.0 ng of Escherichia coli endotoxin. Twenty-four hours later, each animal received an intravenous injection of 250 mg/kg body weight of fluoresceinated horseradish peroxidase (F-HRP), and fluorophotometric measurements were taken for 90 min. The animals were killed, and both eyes were processed for HRP demonstration. In the anterior chamber aqueous humor of normal control eyes, F-HRP concentrations were less than 0.002 mg/ml at 90 min. The F-HRP concentration was elevated consistently in the endotoxin-injected eyes; however, the magnitude of the effect varied. By fluorophotometry, inflamed eyes fell into two distinct groups. At 90 min, most had an anterior chamber F-HRP concentration of 0.014-0.06 mg/ml, although others had 0.39 mg/ml. In the latter group, an appreciably shorter latency was observed between the time of tracer injection and its detection in the anterior chamber. Aqueous humor protein concentrations, although highest in the most F-HRP-permeable eyes, followed more of a continuum in their distribution and identified less clearly the subpopulations seen by fluorophotometry. Normal eyes had no tracer leakage across either the ciliary epithelial or iris vascular endothelial barriers. All inflamed eyes had HRP leakage across the ciliary epithelium, but the subpopulation of eyes with shorter latencies and higher F-HRP concentrations by fluorophotometry also had iris vascular leakage.
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