June 1993
Volume 34, Issue 7
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Articles  |   June 1993
Reduced accommodation in children with Down syndrome.
Author Affiliations
  • J M Woodhouse
    Department of Optometry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, United Kingdom.
  • J S Meades
    Department of Optometry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, United Kingdom.
  • S J Leat
    Department of Optometry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, United Kingdom.
  • K J Saunders
    Department of Optometry, University of Wales College of Cardiff, United Kingdom.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 1993, Vol.34, 2382-2387. doi:
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    • Get Citation

      J M Woodhouse, J S Meades, S J Leat, K J Saunders; Reduced accommodation in children with Down syndrome.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1993;34(7):2382-2387.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the accommodative accuracy and amplitude in children with Down syndrome. Accommodation is usually assumed to be good in children and is rarely measured. METHODS: A dynamic retinoscopy technique was developed that allows rapid and reliable measures of accuracy and amplitude of accommodation in infants and children. RESULTS: Use of the dynamic technique with a small sample of schoolchildren with Down syndrome shows that 80% have reduced amplitude of accommodation, in comparison to a control group of developmentally normal children. CONCLUSIONS: Optometric management of children with Down syndrome should include consideration of accommodation.

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