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M Nakagawa, M F Refojo, J F Marin, M Doi, F I Tolentino; Retinoic acid in silicone and silicone-fluorosilicone copolymer oils in a rabbit model of proliferative vitreoretinopathy.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1995;36(12):2388-2395.
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PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the effect of retinoic acid (RA) in silicone oil (SiO) and in silicone-fluorosilicone (SiFO) copolymer oil in a new rabbit model of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). METHODS: To create the PVR model, three groups of rabbits were administered vitreous injections of approximately 100,000 homologous fibroblasts, 75,000 platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and fibroblasts + PRP, respectively. These rabbits were followed up ophthalmoscopically and histopathologically for as long as 2 months. Five additional groups of rabbits underwent gas-compression vitrectomy in one eye. Four days later, group 1 was administered intravitreous RA in SiFO (9 micrograms/ml) with approximately 150,000 fibroblasts and 70,000 PRP. Group 3 was administered the same amount of fibroblasts and PRP as group 1 with RA in SiO (9 micrograms/ml). Groups 2, 4, and 5 were administered the same amount of fibroblasts and PRP as groups 1 and 3 with 1 ml of SiFO, SiO, or balanced salt solution only, respectively. To evaluate RA toxicity, RA was injected in SiO (15 and 20 micrograms/ml) and RA in SiFO (10 micrograms/ml). RESULTS: All eyes that were administered fibroblasts or PRP developed vitreous membranes, but those with PRP alone did not develop proliferative changes or retinal detachment; fibroblasts alone produced proliferative changes and retinal detachment after 2 to 3 weeks; fibroblasts + PRP produced similar changes within 3 days of injection. Retinoic acid (15 micrograms/ml) in SiO and RA (10 micrograms/ml) in SiFO was well tolerated. Retinal atrophic changes were found in eyes with 20 micrograms/ml RA in SiO. The retinal detachment rate was lower (P < 0.05) in the eyes that were administered fibroblasts + PRP and RA than in the controls. Significant differences were found in the degrees of PVR among the groups. CONCLUSIONS: RA could be useful in PVR treated with SiO or for eyes treated intraoperatively with heavier-than-water SiFO when it is used as a short-term retinal tamponade.
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