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Z Zhu, K Kuang, F Kang, J Li, J Fischbarg; Platelet activating factor inhibits fluid transport by corneal endothelium.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1996;37(9):1899-1906.
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PURPOSE: Given reports of corneal edema after endothelial exposure to platelet activating factor (PAF), the authors have investigated whether PAF can affect the function of corneal endothelium in vitro. METHODS: The endothelial side of deepithelialized rabbit corneas was perfused with BSS+ and test agents: PAF, its inactive receptor ligand analog Lyso-PAF, and its antagonist BN52021. Stromal thickness was determined by specular microscopy. Translayer-specific electrical resistance (rho) was measured in cultured bovine corneal endothelial cells grown on permeable substrates at 36.5 degrees C. RESULTS: Control corneas perfused with BSS+ or with BSS+ containing Lyso-PAF swelled at a very slow rate (6.2 +/- 0.1, and 7.9 +/- 0.2 microns/hour, respectively). Corneas exposed to PAF swelled appreciably faster and at rates that were a saturable function of PAF (K(m), 2.1 microM); maximal rates of swelling were < 20 microns/hour, indicating no appreciable damage to intercellular junctions. BN52021 prevented PAF-induced swelling (Ki, 1.1 microM). PAF led also to a decrease in rho (from 42.8 +/- 1.4 to 24.5 +/- 0.6 omega cm2 in 1 hour; 46.8 +/- 1.5 to 38.3 +/- 1.4 omega cm2 in control layers; and 43.0 +/- 1.2 to 30.8 +/- 1.6 omega cm2 in layers exposed to PAF+BN52021). Such rho changes are consistent with swelling of intercellular spaces. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that PAF inhibits transendothelial fluid transport on binding to an endothelial cell receptor for it; continuous stimulation of a PAF-induced signaling cascade may lead to such inhibition. From these and other results, fluid transport might result from cascades activating sequentially basolateral and apical transporters or channels.
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