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M S Burstedt, O Sandgren, G Holmgren, K Forsman-Semb; Bothnia dystrophy caused by mutations in the cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein gene (RLBP1) on chromosome 15q26.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(5):995-1000.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: To determine the chromosomal location and to identify the gene causing a type of retinitis punctata albescens, called Bothnia dystrophy, found in a restricted geographic area in northern Sweden. METHODS: Twenty patients from seven families originating from a restricted geographic area in northern Sweden were clinically examined. Microsatellite markers were analyzed in all affected and unaffected family members. Direct genomic sequencing of the gene encoding cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein was performed after the linkage analysis had been completed. RESULTS: Affected individuals showed night blindness from early childhood with features consistent with retinitis punctata albescens and macular degeneration. The responsible gene was mapped to 15q26, the same region to which the cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein gene has been assigned. Subsequent analysis showed all affected patients were homozygous for a C to T substitution in exon 7 of the same gene, leading to the missense mutation Arg234Trp. Analysis of marker haplotypes suggested that all cases had a common ancestor who carried the mutation. CONCLUSIONS: A missense mutation in the cellular retinaldehyde-binding protein gene is the cause of Bothnia dystrophy. The disease is a local variant of retinitis punctata albescens that is common in northern Sweden due to a founder mutation.
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