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L K Gordon, M Eggena, S R Targan, J Braun; Definition of ocular antigens in ciliary body and retinal ganglion cells by the marker antibody pANCA.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1999;40(6):1250-1255.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
PURPOSE: A subset of patients with anterior uveitis express the marker, perinuclear anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (pANCA). In this study, recombinantly isolated pANCA monoclonal antibodies were used to search for ocular cells expressing the pANCA antigen. METHODS: Paraffin sections of human ocular tissues obtained after death were analyzed by immunohistochemistry to identify cell types expressing pANCA antigen. Microdissected eye-bank ocular tissue was characterized by western blot analysis to confirm antigen expression and identify candidate protein species. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical analysis with pANCA monoclonal antibodies revealed cytoplasmic antigen expression in retinal ganglion cells and ciliary body epithelium. pANCA antigen expression was restricted to tissues bearing these cell types by western blot analysis. A common set of epitope-positive protein species was shared by the two tissues (28 kDa, 80 kDa, and 90 kDa). Comparison of ocular tissues from seven subjects revealed no heterogeneity in antigen expression. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, novel cytoplasmic antigens of the pANCA marker antibody expressed in ciliary body and retinal tissue were identified. Validation of these antigens as targets of inflammation in pANCA+ uveitis requires further biochemical and immunologic analysis.
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