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Yuko Wada, Michael A. Sandberg, Terri L. McGee, Melissa A. Stillberger, Eliot L. Berson, Thaddeus P. Dryja; Screen of the IMPDH1 Gene among Patients with Dominant Retinitis Pigmentosa and Clinical Features Associated with the Most Common Mutation, Asp226Asn. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(5):1735-1741. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-1197.
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purpose. To determine the frequency of mutations in IMPDH1 among patients with autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (RP), to characterize the clinical features of patients with the Asp226Asn mutation in this gene, and to compare these features with those found among patients with selected dominant mutations in other RP genes.
methods. The coding sequence and the adjacent flanking intron sequences of all 14 coding exons were sequenced in 183 unrelated patients with dominant RP. The clinical findings evaluated included visual acuity, refractive error, visual field area measured with the Goldmann perimeter, final dark-adaptation threshold, full-field electroretinogram (ERG) amplitudes, cataract, and funduscopic bone spicule pigmentation.
results. The mutation Asp226Asn was identified in 6 of the 183 unrelated patients with RP. One patient carried the novel, possibly pathogenic, change Lys238Glu. There was approximately a 100-fold variation in ERG amplitudes among patients of similar age with the Asp226Asn mutation. Patients had similar reductions of rod-plus-cone 0.5-Hz ERG amplitude and cone 30-Hz ERG amplitude. For a given amount of remaining visual field, there was a larger ERG amplitude in IMPDH1-carrying patients (average 0.5-Hz ERG/visual field ratio = 9.5 nV/deg2) compared with groups of patients with the RP1 mutation Arg677End (2.8 nV/deg2), the rhodopsin (RHO) mutation Pro23His (5.1 nV/deg2), or the RHO mutation Pro347Leu (1.7 nV/deg2).
conclusions. IMPDH1 mutations account for approximately 2% of cases of dominant RP in North America. The most frequent mutation, Asp226Asn, appears to cause at least as much loss of rod function as cone function. Patients with this form of RP retain, on average, two to five times more ERG amplitude per unit of remaining visual area than patients with three other forms of dominant RP.
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