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Sunao Sugita, Hiroshi Keino, Yuri Futagami, Hiroshi Takase, Manabu Mochizuki, Joan Stein-Streilein, J. Wayne Streilein; B7+ Iris Pigment Epithelial Cells Convert T Cells into CTLA-4+, B7-Expressing CD8+ Regulatory T Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(12):5376-5384. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.05-1354.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To determine whether iris PE (IPE) promotes the generation of regulatory T-cells (Tregs) with cell contact via B7-2/CTLA-4 interactions.
methods. T cells were cocultured with IPE cells obtained from eyes of normal and B7-deficient mice, x-irradiated, and used as regulators. IPE T regulator cells (IPE Tregs) of normal and CD28- or CTLA-4–deficient mice were established. Target bystander T cells were established from normal splenic T cells with anti-CD3 antibodies. T-cell activation was assessed for proliferation by [3H]-thymidine incorporation. Neutralizing anti-B7-1 and/or B7-2 antibodies, anti-CTLA-4 antibodies, CTLA-4-Ig fusion proteins were used to abolish regulatory function. IPE-exposed CD8+ T cells were evaluated for expression of B7, CTLA-4, and Foxp3 by using RT-PCR and flow cytometry. CD8+ IPE Tregs were depleted of B7-2+ and CTLA-4+ T cells and assayed for suppressive activity by adding them to bystander T cells.
results. T cells acquired T regulatory activity when exposed to cultured IPE. Ciliary body PE cells did not promote conversion of T cells into Tregs. IPE converted CD8+, but not CD4+, T cells into Tregs by direct cell contact. In the conversion, IPE and responding T cells must both express endogenously synthesized B7-1 and B7-2, and the T cells must also express CTLA-4. Expression of CD28 molecules was not necessary for Treg generation. In addition, the CD8+ Tregs that fully suppress activation of bystander T cells expressed Foxp3.
conclusions. IPE cells promote conversion of T cells into Tregs solely through a contact-dependent mechanism. T cells exposed to IPE cells acquire full regulatory capacity.
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