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Joanna A. Phipps, Trung M. Dang, Algis J. Vingrys, Robyn H. Guymer; Flicker Perimetry Losses in Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(9):3355-3360. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-0253.
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purpose. To compare static and flicker perimetry outcomes in patients with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
methods. Perimetry was performed in the central visual field of one eye of each of 25 patients with good visual acuity (>6/12) and early AMD using static and flickering targets. These results were compared with data obtained from a single eye of 34 age-matched control subjects, 33 of whom were retested at 1 to 3 months after their initial visits.
results. In all cases, patients with early AMD had greater mean defects for flickering than static targets, returning a significantly larger group average in response to flicker (4.3 ± 0.6 dB) than to static (1.8 ± 0.6 dB; P < 0.005). Greater pattern defect losses were also present in AMD-affected eyes with flicker compared with static perimetry (P < 0.02). These give a higher diagnostic sensitivity for flicker (68% vs. 42%, P < 0.05) at 90% specificity. Sensitivity can be increased to 84% ± 6% (specificity 92% ± 4%) if the criterion for failure is a more than 10-dB loss in the foveal region (1°–3°).
conclusions. Flickering targets expose foveal deficits in early AMD better than do static targets. Flicker perimetry is an easy, short procedure that may be useful for monitoring the progression of AMD.
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