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Michael Scholz, Thomas Buder, Silke Seeber, Edyta Adamek, Cord-Michael Becker, Elke Lütjen-Drecoll; Dependency of Intraocular Pressure Elevation and Glaucomatous Changes in DBA/2J and DBA/2J-Rj Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(2):613-621. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-0745.
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purpose. In this study parameters relevant for glaucoma in DBA/2J (D2J) mice were compared with those in age-matched DBA/2J-Rj (D2Rj) mice, to challenge the postulated role of D2J mice as a model for secondary high-tension glaucoma.
methods. Genotyping for three known short nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Tyrp1 gene and the Gpnmb gene by MALDI-TOF-MS and immunohistochemical staining for Gpnmb was performed in D2J and D2Rj mice. Twelve C57Bl/6 (B6), 8 D2Rj, and 11 D2J mice between 1 and 4 months of age were screened qualitatively and quantitatively for morphologic differences within the anterior eye segment. The IOP progression of 25 D2Rj and 18 D2J mice were investigated between 4 to 10.5 months after birth. At the end of this study, in 10 randomly selected individuals of each D2J and D2Rj cohort, correlation of IOP progression and optic nerve damage were determined in each eye.
results. D2J and D2Rj strains were homozygous for both Tyrp 1 amino acid substitutions, so far only described in D2J mice. The Gpnmb R150X point mutation present in D2J mice was not detected in D2Rj. Accordingly, immunoreactivity (IR) for Gpnmb was present only in D2Rj and B6 eyes, but not in D2J. Compared with B6, both DBA/2 mice (D2) showed a significantly narrowed chamber angle caused by an anteriorly displaced ciliary body. IOP measurements showed an average IOP of approximately 14 mm Hg between age 4 and 7 months in D2Rj, which decreased to approximately 11 mm Hg in the period from 8 to 10.5 months. In D2J the average IOP showed a steady increase in the observed period from 4 to 10.5 months (from 8.65 to 15.58 mm Hg). Individuals with IOP peaks up to 30 mm Hg were detected in D2Rj, but none of these mice showed signs of an optic neuropathy after 10.5 months. In contrast, 30% of the investigated D2J mice at the age of 10.5 months showed a severe optic neuropathy. Individual data analyses, however, showed no significant correlation between elevated IOP and glaucomatous changes within the D2J population.
conclusions. Individual correlations of IOP course with axon loss in the single eyes confirmed that in D2J mice, hypertension is not the only causative factor in glaucomatous optic neuropathy. For further investigations on the pathogenesis of glaucoma in D2J mice, the D2Rj strain without a GpnmbR150X mutation and without glaucomatous changes, but with individual IOP elevation, can be used as an interstrain control for D2J.
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