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Behzad Mansouri, Bruce C. Hansen, Robert F. Hess; Disrupted Retinotopic Maps in Amblyopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(7):3218-3225. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-2914.
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purpose. The amblyopic visual system exhibits both positional inaccuracy (uncertainty) and systematic biases (distortion). The fidelity of the retinotopic representation of the visual field driven by the amblyopic eye was studied for each of these aspects of position coding by using a dichoptic position-matching task.
method. Fifteen patients with amblyopia and five normal subjects were tested. The stimuli were luminance-defined Gaussian blobs that were presented within a circle of 15° diameter. Each Gaussian blob was seen only by the amblyopic eye. Moving a mouse marker seen only by the fellow fixing eye (perceptual matching measure), each subject had to localize the position of previously presented targets.
results. The results confirm previous findings that there is significant distortion in the maps of the central visual field in amblyopic subjects. However, the uncertainty measure did not correlate with the measured distortion in amblyopic maps nor with the visual acuity. Also, regional analysis of the data showed that the distortion occurred heterogeneously in different parts of the visual field and had no relationship to the associated strabismus.
conclusions. The underlying explanations for these three visual deficits—inaccuracy, distortion, and acuity loss—may be different.
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