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LaTia Etheredge, Bradley P. Kane, John R. Hassell; The Effect of Growth Factor Signaling on Keratocytes In Vitro and Its Relationship to the Phases of Stromal Wound Repair. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(7):3128-3136. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-3077.
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purpose. To determine the relationship between signaling by different growth factors and the phases of corneal stromal wound repair. The authors hypothesize that the process involves sequential signaling, resulting first in proliferation and then in extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis.
methods. The effects of IGF-I, TGF-β1, FGF-2, and PDGF on proliferation and ECM production by primary cultured bovine keratocytes were evaluated. DNA synthesis was determined by 3H-thymidine incorporation, and maximal cell density was determined by measurement of DNA content. Relative levels of ECM components synthesized by keratocytes and secreted into the media were evaluated by 3H-glycine incorporation into total ECM protein and collagen, by 3H-glucosamine incorporation into chondroitin sulfate, keratan sulfate, and hyaluronan, and by Western blotting with antibodies specific to procollagen types Ι and ΙΙΙ.
results. FGF-2 stimulated the highest level of proliferation and the lowest level of glycosaminoglycan synthesis and inhibited the synthesis of collagen types Ι and ΙΙΙ. IGF-I, in contrast, stimulated the lowest level of proliferation and the highest levels of collagen synthesis. PDGF and TGF-β1 had intermediate effects on proliferation and collagen synthesis. Although FGF-2 inhibited collagen production, it could be restored by subsequent treatment with IGF-I, TGF-β1, and PDGF.
conclusions. The results of this study showed that the level of proliferation induced by the growth factors was inversely related to the levels of collagen production. The authors suggest that FGF-2 initiates the hypercellular phase of corneal wound healing and that IGF-I and PDGF are involved in the restoration of a normal ECM.
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