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Min Chen, Bingqian Liu, Qianying Gao, Yehong Zhuo, Jian Ge; Mitochondria-Targeted Peptide MTP-131 Alleviates Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Oxidative Damage in Human Trabecular Meshwork Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(10):7027-7037. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-7524.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate the antioxidative ability of a novel mitochondria-targeted peptide MTP-131 in immortalized human trabecular meshwork (iHTM) and glaucomatous human trabecular meshwork (GTM3) cell lines.
Cultured iHTM and GTM3 cells were pretreated with MTP-131 for 1 hour, and sustained oxidative stress was induced by subjecting TM cells to 200 μM hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 24 hours. Untreated cells and cells incubated with H2O2 alone were used as controls. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay was used to determine cell viability. Changes of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy. Activation of caspase 3 was quantified by Western blotting, and apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry. Release of cytochrome c and changes in cytoskeleton were analyzed by confocal microscopy. Data were analyzed with commercial data analysis software and P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant.
In both iHTM and GTM3 cells, decrease of ΔΨm and elevation of intracellular ROS were detected after sustained oxidative stress induced by H2O2. When cells were pretreated with MTP-131, the H2O2-induced mitochondrial depolarization was prevented; intracellular ROS, LDH release, and apoptosis were significantly decreased; release of cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytoplasm and activation of caspase 3 were inhibited. In addition, cytoskeleton changes caused by H2O2 were also alleviated by MTP-131.
Mitochondria-targeted peptide MTP-131 could prevent both iHTM and GTM3 cells from sustained oxidative stress induced by H2O2.
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