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Grace Byfield, Steve Budd, M. Elizabeth Hartnett; The Role of Supplemental Oxygen and JAK/STAT Signaling in Intravitreous Neovascularization in a ROP Rat Model. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(7):3360-3365. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-3256.
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purpose. To investigate whether oxygen stresses experienced in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) trigger signaling through reactive oxygen species (ROS) and whether the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway lead to intravitreous neovascularization (IVNV) in an oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) rat model.
methods. Newborn rat pups exposed to repeated fluctuations in oxygen and rescued in supplemental oxygen (28% O2, 50/10 OIR+SO) were treated with apocynin, an NADPH oxidase and ROS inhibitor (10 mg/kg/d), AG490, a JAK2 inhibitor (5 mg/kg/d), or phosphate-buffered saline. Intraperitoneal injections were given from postnatal day (P)12 to P17 (apocynin), or from P3 to P17 (AG490). Outcomes were intravitreous neovascularization and avascular/total retinal areas, vascular endothelial growth factor, phosphorylated JAK2, and phosphorylated STAT3.
results. Apocynin significantly reduced phosphorylated STAT3 in 50/10 OIR+SO (P = 0.04), in association with previously reported inhibition of the IVNV area. Inhibition of JAK with AG490 significantly reduced phosphorylated JAK2 (P < 0.001), phosphorylated STAT3 (P = 0.002), and IVNV area (P = 0.033) in the 50/10 OIR+SO model compared with control.
conclusions. Activation of NADPH oxidase from supplemental oxygen works through activated STAT3 to lead to IVNV. In addition, inhibition of the JAK/STAT pathway reduces IVNV. Further studies are needed to determine the effects and relationships of oxygen stresses on JAK/STAT and NAPDH oxidase signaling.
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