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Martina M. Bosch, Daniel Barthelmes, Tobias M. Merz, Frederic Truffer, Pascal B. Knecht, Benno Petrig, Konrad E. Bloch, Urs Hefti, Gregor Schubiger, Klara Landau; Intraocular Pressure during a Very High Altitude Climb. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(3):1609-1613. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-4306.
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Reports on intraocular pressure (IOP) changes at high altitudes have provided inconsistent and even conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of very high altitude and different ascent profiles on IOP in relation to simultaneously occurring ophthalmic and systemic changes in a prospective study.
This prospective study involved 25 healthy mountaineers who were randomly assigned to two different ascent profiles during a medical research expedition to Mt. Muztagh Ata (7,546 m/24,751 ft). Group 1 was allotted a shorter acclimatization time before ascent than was group 2. Besides IOP, oxygen saturation (SaO2), acute mountain sickness symptoms (AMS-c score), and optic disc appearance were assessed. Examinations were performed at 490 m/1,607 ft, 4,497 m/14,750 ft, 5,533 m/18,148 ft, and 6,265 m/20,549 ft above sea level.
Intraocular pressure in both groups showed small but statistically significant changes: an increase during ascent from 490 m/1,607 ft to 5,533 m/18,148 ft and then a continuous decrease during further ascent to 6,265 m/20,549 ft and on descent to 4,497 m/14,750 ft and to 490 m. Differences between groups were not significant. Multiple regression analysis (IOP-dependent variable) revealed a significant partial correlation coefficient of β = −0.25 (P = 0.01) for SaO2 and β = −0.23 (P = 0.02) for acclimatization time.
Hypobaric hypoxia at very high altitude leads to small but statistically significant changes in IOP that are modulated by systemic oxygen saturation. Climbs to very high altitudes seem to be safe with regard to intraocular pressure changes.
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